Mataram Yogyakarta is the next generation of Kotagede Mataram Islamic Kingdom. In modernization era, the King gives modern touch that is in harmony with the culture of the ancestor.
“7 March 1750, five years before Giyanti Agreement, which was the date of the foundation of Yogyakarta Kingdom, was also the birth date of Sultan Sepuh. For the reason, the momentum of the coronation of Hamengku Buwono X on 7 March 1989 was considered a renewal momentum of the resolution to uphold the throne for people prosperity and culture. In relation to this, the relevance is that the ‘Jumenengan’ or coronation plays its role as a starting point for culture to step forward.” (Dr. Damardjati Supadjar, Nawang Sari 1993, Fajar Pustaka Baru, Yogyakarta).
Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono X (HB X)
Bendara Raden Mas (BRM) Herjuno Darpito who is the second child of Kanjeng Raden Ayu Windyaningrum HB IX, the wife of Hamengku Buwono IX, was born on 2 April 1946. After his appointment as a Crown Prince, he has the title of “Kanjeng Gusti Pangeran Adipati Anom Hamengku Negara Sudibyo Raja Putra Nalendra Mataram”.
BRM Herjuno’s modern education background becomes the basis of his logical thinking. His behavior and decisions are based on the existing realities. After his coronation as Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono X, he breaks some of the old tradition of the Palace.
Different from his predecessors who had more than one wife, HB X only has one wife who is also the queen consort. The labuhan alit that used to be held twice a year is changed to once in a year.
He holds to his logical thinking even though some people do not agree to his way of thinking, including the plan to build underground parking area beneath the North Square.
His modern thinking is not separated from his father’s. Hamengku Buwono IX was the king with modern thinking who emphasized human equality.
Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono IX (HB IX)
GRM Dorojatun who was born on 12 April 1912 was the only child of Kanjeng Ratu Ayu Adipati Anom (KRAy.AA) Hamengkunegoro.
Since he was four years old, he was raised by the Mulder family to get discipline education and simple life even though he was the Crown Prince.
One year after his study in Netherlands, on 18 March 1940, he was seated on his throne with the title of “Sampeyan Dalem Ingkang Sinuwun Kanjeng Sultan Hamengku Buwono, Senopati Ing Ngalogo, Abdurrahman Sayidin Panoto Gomo, Kalifatullah Ingkang Kaping IX”. This title means Sultan was the lawful authority of this perishable world; he was also the highest commander of the troop during the war. Besides, Sultan was also a kind hearted religion leader, because he was acknowledged a kalifatullah, the representative of Mohammad the Disciple of God.
HB IX is an example of a democratic nobleman. His western education gives many cultural alternatives. He also changed the old tradition where the king is not an authority controller but a democratic leader. His services to the Republic of Indonesia are worth remembering.
On 7 October 1988, his body arrived in the Sultan Palace after his demise in Washington DC, the United States of America. The Sultan Palace and Indonesian people were in mourning. Seeming like feeling the grief, the banyan tree named Kiai Dewandaru that was planted during the reign of HB I fell down. “This signals new scene in the Archipelago Culture Stage”. This banyan tree was replanted with the approval of HB X and it can be seen in the North Square now. Its size is smaller than Kiai Wijayadaru on its east side. The picture can be seen in YogYES documentation.
HB IX was buried in Pajimatan cemetery in Imogiri.
The Kingdom of Mataram Yogyakarta in the Midst of Modernization
In its triumphant era, Mataram Kingdom developed a political concept of keagungbintaraan, meaning that the king was as authoritative as gods, the caretaker of law and universe, abundant goodness, and being fair to others (agung binathara bahu dhenda nyakrawati, berbudi bawa leksana ambeg, adil para marta).
Embracing the political concept of equality and democratic thinking, the Sultan of Mataram Yogyakarta Kingdom is ruling Yogyakarta government at this moment. (YogYES.COM)
Writer: R. Syah
Photo & Artistic: Sutrisno
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